Power was found to be a factor that acts as a shield against conformity Keltner, Gruenfeld, and Anderson, ; it was found that restrictions that influence the thought, expression and behaviour of most people do not seem to apply to people in power [leaders, CEOs, politicians, etc] with the reasons being the fact that these people are generally less dependent on others for social resources; pay less attention to threats; and are less likely to consider the perspective of other people.
In both cases the effect was the same.
Obedience Responding to an order or command from a person in a position of authority. Consider a classic study conducted many years ago by Solomon Asch But should a member opt not to comply with these rules and regulations, he or she would lose credibility within the group and risk expulsion.
If the teacher saw the correct answer light up on his side of the wall, he simply moved on to the next item. While the participants did seem to have some negative reactions to the process over two-thirds of them continued to the highest level of shocks after being asked to do so.
A focus theory of normative conduct: After volts, despite vehement protests from the learner following previous shocks, the teacher heard only silence, suggesting that the learner was now physically unable to respond.
When is obedience to authority a good thing and when is it bad? We are taught at an early age to obey parents, teachers, and police officers. In The handbook of social psychology.
Yet in the basic procedure described here, 65 percent of the participants continued to administer shocks to the very end of the session.
This being the case, conformity is more directly related to social pressure and influence, while obedience not only contains a hierarchy or power element not necessary for conformity but also is caused more by a reaction to someone in a position of authority than social influences.
This is often seen in peer pressure type situations. Deviation from the Norm and Influence by Self and Others Norms are the rules of society that pertain to what is deemed to be appropriate concerning values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
Although we might be impressed that the majority of the time participants answered honestly, most psychologists find it remarkable that so many college students caved in to the pressure of the group rather than do the job they had volunteered to do.
Antecedents and consequences of creating facades of conformity. For example we never question why we take tests in school.
Efforts to influence people to engage in healthier or more sustainable behaviors have benefitted from the informational influence. Conformity encompasses compliance and obedience, where the latters are more specific derivatives.
The disturbing implication from the findings is that, under the right circumstances, each of us may be capable of acting in some very uncharacteristic and perhaps some very unsettling ways. Compliance is often referred to as an active form of social influence in that it is usually intentionally initiated by a person.
Conformity which is an integral part of social life and could be defined as the pressure to behave in ways that are viewed as acceptable [appropriate] by a particular group [peer or cultural]. Experiments started popping up to study what kind of situations would lead to this kind of blind obedience to authority.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, — Would you be tempted to give a clearly incorrect answer, like many participants in the Asch experiment did, to better match the thoughts of a group of peers?
Both conformity and compliance are prevalent in all types of groups, but first is important to point out the differences between these two types of behavior.
But he did make a lot of mistakes on the test, which forced the teacher to administer what he believed to be increasingly strong shocks.Two aspects that are important in group behavior are conformity and compliance. Both conformity and compliance are prevalent in all types of groups, but first is important to point out the differences between these two types of behavior.
There have been two very important psychological experiments that deal with the issue of obedience. The. Chapter 7: Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience I.
Norms A. Social Norms - Rules for accepted and/or expected (vs. related issues like noise pollution or civic responsibility in Conformity - changing ones behavior to fit the current social norms (and/or perceived group.
Consider some of the remaining issues and sources of controversy surrounding Milgram’s obedience studies. Introduction. But decades of research on conformity and obedience make it clear that we live in a social world and that—for better or worse—much of what we do is a reflection of the people we encounter.
Obedience is a change in behavior as a result of a direct command from an authority figure. Obedience is an active form of influence in that it is usually directly initiated by an authority figure and is typically external in that overt behaviors are.
Social influence refers to the ways in which external factors trigger change in an individual.
It guides the way we form our thoughts and organize our overt behaviour and actions. Conformity, compliance and obedience are all forms of social influence that strongly affect our everyday lives.
This. Mar 24, · Conformity, Obedience, and Infuence in Social Psychology Introduction. Social psychology looks at how people influence and are influenced by others. How the members of a group influence an individual is an important part of social psychology research. Conformity and obedience are central concepts to social Reviews: 2.Download