This work was done by the author in cooperation with former colleagues at The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.
Personality, availability of social supports, and family cohesion are often identified as categories of factors that can impact a child positively or negatively. Indeed, protective factors mediate and limit the impact risk factors have on academic achievement and other aspects of child development.
Video of the Day Academic Achievement Most single-parent households are run by mothers, and the absence of a father -- coupled with lower household income -- can increase the risk of children performing poorly in school. Although children in blended families still tend to have higher academic achievement than those living with single parents, some children will replace academic problems with emotional and behavioral difficulties, essentially eliminating many of the positive effects brought on by the increase in family income .
Age for all waves is centered around the age of 5 years, which is the earliest age at which children typically begin kindergarten. School Behavior First-grade students born to married mothers are less likely to behave disruptively i.
At the Kindergarten Fall assessments wave 1the average child was 5. In some ways, children in single-parent families are at greater risk than children in other types of families. Academic success is important because it is strongly linked to the positive outcomes we value for children.
Single-parent families more commonly occur in urban environments, but Effects of single parenting on academic achievement be found at every socioeconomic level.
For better or for worse: Marriage increases financial resources Page and Stevens and substantially reduces poverty, welfare receipt, and economic hardship Lichter, Roempke Graefe, and Brown Second, most studies do not differentiate between those child and family contexts in which marriage is likely to confer developmental advantages and those which do not.
Children with single mothers who marry often score no better on academic achievement and cognitive assessments than do children from stable single-parent families Jeynes and Rather than view single parenting as the cause of negative outcomes for children in these families, the Risk and Protective Factor Model describes family structure as one of many risk factors.
Transaction Publishers, For the purposes of this analysis, cohabiting single mothers are classified as single-parent, female-headed households. For instance, researchers regard family size as a risk factor when there are four or more children, close in age, within the same household, but a protective factor in families with fewer than four children or when children are spaced 3 or more years apart.
Achievement and Attainment Elementary school children from intact biological families earn higher reading and math test scores than children in cohabiting, divorced -single, and always-single parent families.
The data sample consisted of parents ofchildren and teens in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Only the fraction of the adult population that has graduated from high school surpasses family intactness in its degree of influence.
The effects of marriage on children, from an investment-in-children perspective, therefore, are likely to be contingent on the levels of parental investment in the child prior to marriage and how family investment patterns change after the marital union.
Second, for children who participated in a wave but did not provide information for a specific variable, we use a multiple imputation procedure to impute missing values Rubin We exclude from our sample children living in single-parent, male-headed households with their biological father at the first wave both because few children live in these families and because past research finds that male-headed and female-headed single parent families are quite different Meyer and Garasky The estimates we present are based on 10 complete simulated datasets.
Dating back to the s, the Family Deficit Model views the nuclear or two-parent family as the ideal family structure.
Child Trends Significance of the Problem Many of the studies which focus on child outcomes as a result of growing up in single-parent or divorced home compared to "intact" households are primarily based on a "deficit model" that is directed by two generally held assumptions: Essentially, the strengths and protection families offer children are more important than the structure of the family unit .
The potential developmental advantages conferred by reduced economic hardship, more effective socialization and social control, and increased parental investment in children are likely to cumulate as the length of time from a marital union increases.
According to research in this area, protective factors include high self-esteem, strong social support at home and at school, low rates of criticism from parental figures, positive parent mental health, college-educated parents, high income, and parenting strategies that effectively address high-risk situations.
However, some research suggests that the factor that has the greatest impact on student achievement is not family structure but income [2; 6; 8; 9; 14].
Family cohesion factors also include life events such as divorce, remarriage, death, and other changes that can influence child development [11; 13].The Effects of Single-Parenting on Children’s Educational Success will be used to measure the effect of single parenting on children’s educational success.
All the children in of improving academic achievement and providing opportunities for academic enrichment (Fashola. i the impact of single parenthood on adolescent educational achievements: a socio-educational perspective.
ochonogor n.v. The study will investigate single-parenting and its effects on children‟s academic performance. There are many students within our school system that come from single-parent families. Due to the many issues that stem from the single-parent families, some students are unable to reach their full potential.
The effects of single parenting are explored in this paper. Single parenting is viewed in the overall framework of the risk and protective factor model, in which single parenting is viewed as one risk factor that can lead to unsuccessful adolescent academic outcomes.
A historical perspective of single parenting is offered, with a focus on how such parenting affects academic achievement. Single Parenthood The Effects On Childrens Academic Outcomes Education Essay.
Print Reference this. Disclaimer: The negative influence of a single parent family on academic achievement is typical of parent-child relationships in such families. The parent-child relationship that leads to academic achievement reflects parental.
Does children’s academic achievement improve when single mothers marry? Because our focus is the effect of single parents’ transitions to marriage on change in their children’s academic performance, we include in our sample only children living with their biological mother in single-parent, female-headed households at the first wave.Download