National Conference emerges as a major political power in the state. This was Introduction of kashmir issue unsuccessful attempt. China won a swift victory in the war, resulting in Chinese annexation of the region they call Aksai Chin and which has continued since then. Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies suggested that a Commonwealth force be stationed in Kashmir; that a joint Indo-Pakistani force be stationed in Kashmir and the plebiscite administrator be entitled to raise local troops while the plebiscite would be held.
They resolved to try to end the dispute, but the death of Mr Shastri and the rise of Gen Yahya Khan in Pakistan resulted in stalemate. Init decided that the conditions were ripe for a successful guerilla war in Kashmir. Yet this, by all accounts of soldiers and top Indian army officers involved, was a war in which India lost men engaged in hand-to-hand combat with Pakistani soldiers in the heights of Kargil - a war that could be compared with the one ofwhich was limited to Kashmir, with the other border regions remaining peaceful.
Moreover, India holds Pakistan responsible for Introduction of kashmir issue devastating terrorist attacks directed against India. In Indira Gandhi, the Indian prime minister, and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, her Pakistani opposite number and father of Benazir Bhutto, a later Pakistani premiersigned the Simla Agreement, which reiterated the promises made in Tashkent.
Observers and scholars interpret this action as a tilt towards accession to India. Instead, they turned in infiltrators to the Indian authorities in substantial numbers, and the Indian Army ended up fighting the Pakistani Army regulars.
The status quo was largely maintained until when pro-independence and pro-Pakistan guerrillas struck in the Indian Kashmir valley. Only then would he allow the state to accede. For scholar Wayne Wilcox, Pakistan was able to find external support to counter "Hindu superiority", returning to the group security position of the early 20th century.
The United States and Britain proposed that if the two could not reach an agreement then arbitration would be considered.
Proxy war with India begins. The official number of Indian troops lost in Kargil was aroundwith almost double that number of "infiltrators" killed.
Moreover, the specter of Al Qaeda and Taliban has made the situation more complicated and dangerous in this part of the world. After the Partition inPakistan emerged as a Muslim dominated state while India emerged as a secular, democratic country.
This remains the local tradition and Kashyapa is connected with the draining of the lake  in traditional histories. Presently, it is at the diplomatic hyper point of the bilateral relationships between the two countries.
Noorani blames many Indian and Pakistani leaders for the misery of Kashmiri people but says that Nehru was the main culprit. Pakistan withdrew its forces later that month. Pakistan insisted that those involved were freedom fighters from Kashmir and that it was giving only moral support.
Jinnah puts forward the Two-nation Theory and the demand of Pakistan is raised. The chief town or collection of dwellings in the valley is called Kashyapa-pura, which has been identified as Ancient Greek: In response, India broadened the war by launching an attack on Pakistani Punjab.
Under the British Rule, Indian Subcontinent was mainly inhabited by the two major religious groups, Hindus and Muslims. India contended that the infiltrators were trained and armed by Pakistan, and based in "Azad Kashmir" with the full knowledge of the Pakistani government - and that Afghan and other foreign mercenaries accompanied them.
Whereas in India took the Kashmir issue to the UN and was all for a plebiscite, by the s it hid behind the Simla agreement and thwarted any attempts at UN or third-party mediation. The two communities had friendly relationships and they offered a united struggle to achieve independence from the British Rule during the later half of the Nineteenth Century.
He was dismissed and imprisoned in August Its northern fringes touch the borders of Afghanistan too. Hindu mythology relates that the lake was drained by the sage Kashyapaby cutting a gap in the hills at Baramulla Varaha-mula and invited Brahmans to settle there.
After the World War II, when the British finally decided to bring their rule to an end, the fate of these princely states was brought under scrutiny. Pakistan too suffered criticism at home for limiting its war to artillery fire across the LOC and shooting down Indian aircraft. The delay caused frustration in Pakistan and Zafrullah Khan went on to say that Pakistan was not keeping a warlike mentality but did not know what Indian intransigence would lead Pakistan and its people to.
In October,Pakistan invaded Kashmir and captured its northern and western parts. Pakistan affirms its support for the separatist organizations in Punjab and Kashmir. Causes of the Conflict To understand the causes of the conflict, the historic Partition of India has to be referenced.
Hari Singh appealed to the Indian government for military assistance and fled to India. In the summer of hostility in Kargil went far beyond the now familiar annual exhange of artillery fire.
History of Kashmir and Jammu and Kashmir princely state According to the midth century text Rajatarangini the Kashmir Valley was formerly a lake.
Confrontations between Indian military and armed separatists have caused huge loss of property, money, and lives so far.
When India began patrolling the Kargil heights that summer, it found to its horror that many key posts vacated in the winter were occupied by infiltrators.The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in where Bhutto acknowledged that the Kashmir issue should be finally resolved and removed.
Kashmir Conflict: Solutions and Demand for Self-determination Rashmi Sehgal Introduction People of Jammu and Kashmir have been struggling for their right of self-determination from more than six decades.
The issue of Kashmir started just after India‟s independence and the birth of Pakistan in At that. A brief history of the Kashmir conflict.
PM BST 24 Sep The Kashmir dispute dates from The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India.
Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Introduction Of Kashmir Issue. The Introduction To The Kashmir Conflict History Essay.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, The paper will however focus on issues related to the stalemate over Kashmir between India and Pakistan. a comprehensive outlook of India and Pakistan on the Kashmir issue will be discussed and the disparities will be extrapolated.
Kashmir is yet another example of that, the only thing that makes difficult in Kashmir issue is the “proxy-war” / “state-sponsored” approach of Pakistan and porous borders which make infiltration both militarily and mentally into the Kashmir very easy.Download